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Words related to cavalry squadron , horse , army , lancers , bowlegs , rangers , hussars , cuirassiers , dragoons , chasseurs , uhlans.
Example sentences from the Web for cavalry The latter groups played a supporting role in the battlefield, by forming solid infantry lines or at times doubling up as screening medium cavalry.
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Build a chain of words by adding one letter at a Login or Register. Save Word. Definition of cavalry. Examples of cavalry in a Sentence Cavalry is used to perform reconnaissance.
First Known Use of cavalry , in the meaning defined at sense 1a. The introduction of missile weapons that required less skill than the longbow, such as the crossbow and hand cannon , also helped remove the focus somewhat from cavalry elites to masses of cheap infantry equipped with easy-to-learn weapons.
These missile weapons were very successfully used in the Hussite Wars , in combination with Wagenburg tactics. This gradual rise in the dominance of infantry led to the adoption of dismounted tactics.
From the earliest times knights and mounted men-at-arms had frequently dismounted to handle enemies they could not overcome on horseback, such as in the Battle of the Dyle and the Battle of Bremule , but after the s this trend became more marked with the dismounted men-at-arms fighting as super-heavy infantry with two-handed swords and poleaxes.
Early organized Arab mounted forces under the Rashidun caliphate comprised a light cavalry armed with lance and sword. Its main role was to attack the enemy flanks and rear.
These relatively lightly armored horsemen formed the most effective element of the Muslim armies during the later stages of the Islamic conquest of the Levant.
The best use of this lightly armed fast moving cavalry was revealed at the Battle of Yarmouk AD in which Khalid ibn Walid , knowing the skills of his horsemen, used them to turn the tables at every critical instance of the battle with their ability to engage, disengage, then turn back and attack again from the flank or rear.
A strong cavalry regiment was formed by Khalid ibn Walid which included the veterans of the campaign of Iraq and Syria.
This was used as an advance guard and a strong striking force to route the opposing armies with its greater mobility that give it an upper hand when maneuvering against any Byzantine army.
With this mobile striking force, the conquest of Syria was made easy. Chinese infantry were routed by Arab cavalry near the bank of the River Talas.
Later Mamluks were trained as cavalry soldiers. Mamluks were to follow the dictates of al-furusiyya ,  a code of conduct that included values like courage and generosity but also doctrine of cavalry tactics, horsemanship, archery and treatment of wounds.
The Islamic Berber states of North Africa employed elite horse mounted cavalry armed with spears and following the model of the original Arab occupiers of the region.
Horse-harness and weapons were manufactured locally and the six-monthly stipends for horsemen were double those of their infantry counterparts. During the 8th century Islamic conquest of Iberia large numbers of horses and riders were shipped from North Africa, to specialise in raiding and the provision of support for the massed Berber footmen of the main armies.
Maghrebi traditions of mounted warfare eventually influenced a number of sub-Saharan African polities in the medieval era. The Esos of Ikoyi , military aristocrats of the Yoruba peoples , were a notable manifestation of this phenomenon.
Qizilbash, were a class of Safavid militant warriors in Iran during the 15th to 18th centuries, who often fought as elite cavalry. Persian Zamburak.
An Ottoman Mamluk cavalryman from , armed with a pistol. Akinci of the Balkans. Ottoman Ghazi cavalrymen during the Battle of Nicopolis.
Ironically, the rise of infantry in the early 16th century coincided with the "golden age" of heavy cavalry; a French or Spanish army at the beginning of the century could have up to half its numbers made up of various kinds of light and heavy cavalry, whereas in earlier medieval and later 17th-century armies the proportion of cavalry was seldom more than a quarter.
Knighthood largely lost its military functions and became more closely tied to social and economic prestige in an increasingly capitalistic Western society.
With the rise of drilled and trained infantry, the mounted men-at-arms, now sometimes called gendarmes and often part of the standing army themselves, adopted the same role as in the Hellenistic age, that of delivering a decisive blow once the battle was already engaged, either by charging the enemy in the flank or attacking their commander-in-chief.
From the s onwards, the use of gunpowder weapons solidified infantry's dominance of the battlefield and began to allow true mass armies to develop.
This is closely related to the increase in the size of armies throughout the early modern period; heavily armored cavalrymen were expensive to raise and maintain and it took years to replace a skilled horseman or a trained horse, while arquebusiers and later musketeers could be trained and kept in the field at much lower cost, and were much easier to replace.
The Spanish tercio and later formations relegated cavalry to a supporting role. The pistol was specifically developed to try to bring cavalry back into the conflict, together with manoeuvres such as the caracole.
The caracole was not particularly successful, however, and the charge whether with sword, pistol, or lance remained as the primary mode of employment for many types of European cavalry, although by this time it was delivered in much deeper formations and with greater discipline than before.
The demi-lancers and the heavily armored sword-and-pistol reiters were among the types of cavalry whose heyday was in the 16th and 17th centuries, as for the Polish winged hussars , a heavy cavalry force that achieved great success against Swedes , Russians , and Turks.
Cavalry retained an important role in this age of regularization and standardization across European armies. They remained the primary choice for confronting enemy cavalry.
Attacking an unbroken infantry force head-on usually resulted in failure, but extended linear infantry formations were vulnerable to flank or rear attacks.
Cavalry was important at Blenheim , Rossbach , Marengo , Eylau and Friedland , remaining significant throughout the Napoleonic Wars.
Even with the increasing prominence of infantry, cavalry still had an irreplaceable role in armies, due to their greater mobility.
Their non-battle duties often included patrolling the fringes of army encampments, with standing orders to intercept suspected shirkers and deserters as well as  : , serving as outpost pickets in advance of the main body.
During battle, lighter cavalry such as hussars and uhlans might skirmish with other cavalry, attack light infantry, or charge and either capture enemy artillery or render them useless by plugging the touchholes with iron spikes.
Heavier cavalry such as cuirassiers , dragoons , and carabiniers usually charged towards infantry formations or opposing cavalry in order to rout them.
Both light and heavy cavalry pursued retreating enemies, the point where most battle casualties occurred. However, in at the Battle of Waterloo , repeated charges by up to 9, French cavalrymen failed to break the line of the British and German infantry, who had formed squares.
Massed infantry was deadly to cavalry, but offered an excellent target for artillery. Once the bombardment had disordered the infantry formation, cavalry were able to rout and pursue the scattered foot soldiers.
It was not until individual firearms gained accuracy and improved rates of fire that cavalry was diminished in this role as well.
Even then light cavalry remained an indispensable tool for scouting, screening the army's movements, and harassing the enemy's supply lines until military aircraft supplanted them in this role in the early stages of World War I.
Britain, from the midth century, had Light Dragoons as light cavalry and Dragoons, Dragoon Guards and Household Cavalry as heavy cavalry.
Only after the end of the Napoleonic wars were the Household Cavalry equipped with cuirasses, and some other regiments were converted to lancers.
In the United States Army the cavalry were almost always dragoons. The Imperial Japanese Army had its cavalry uniformed as hussars , but they fought as dragoons.
During the Franco-Prussian War , at the Battle of Mars-la-Tour in , a Prussian cavalry brigade decisively smashed the centre of the French battle line, after skilfully concealing their approach.
This event became known as Von Bredow's Death Ride after the brigade commander Adalbert von Bredow ; it would be used in the following decades to argue that massed cavalry charges still had a place on the modern battlefield.
Cavalry found a new role in colonial campaigns irregular warfare , where modern weapons were lacking and the slow moving infantry-artillery train or fixed fortifications were often ineffective against indigenous insurgents unless the latter offered a fight on an equal footing, as at Tel-el-Kebir , Omdurman , etc.
Cavalry " flying columns " proved effective, or at least cost-effective, in many campaigns—although an astute native commander like Samori in western Africa, Shamil in the Caucasus , or any of the better Boer commanders could turn the tables and use the greater mobility of their cavalry to offset their relative lack of firepower compared with European forces.
In the British Indian Army maintained forty regiments of cavalry, numbering about 25, Indian sowars cavalrymen , with British and Indian officers.
Several of these formations are still active, though they now are armoured formations, for example the Guides Cavalry of Pakistan.
Much of the Mediterranean coastal terrain was suitable for mounted action and there was a long established culture of horsemanship amongst the Arab and Berber inhabitants.
Imperial Germany employed mounted formations in South West Africa as part of the Schutztruppen colonial army garrisoning the territory.
In the early American Civil War the regular United States Army mounted rifle, dragoon, and two existing cavalry regiments were reorganized and renamed cavalry regiments, of which there were six.
However, cavalry saw a role as part of screening forces and in foraging and scouting. The later phases of the war saw the Federal army developing a truly effective cavalry force fighting as scouts , raiders, and, with repeating rifles, as mounted infantry.
The distinguished 1st Virginia Cavalry ranks as one of the most effectual and successful cavalry units on the Confederate side.
Noted cavalry commanders included Confederate general J. The black units, along with others both cavalry and infantry , collectively became known as the Buffalo Soldiers.
According to Robert M. Utley :. These regiments, which rarely took the field as complete organizations, served throughout the American Indian Wars through the close of the frontier in the s.
Volunteer cavalry regiments like the Rough Riders consisted of horsemen such as cowboys , ranchers and other outdoorsmen, that served as a cavalry in the United States Military.
At the beginning of the 20th century all armies still maintained substantial cavalry forces, although there was contention over whether their role should revert to that of mounted infantry the historic dragoon function.
Following the experience of the South African War of — where mounted Boer citizen commandos fighting on foot from cover proved more effective than regular cavalry the British Army withdrew lances for all but ceremonial purposes and placed a new emphasis on training for dismounted action.
An Army Order dated  however instructed that the six British lancer regiments then in existence resume use of this impressive but obsolete weapon for active service.
In the Imperial Russian Army converted all its line hussar and lancer regiments to dragoons, with an emphasis on mounted infantry training.
In these regiments reverted to their historic roles, designations and uniforms. By official regulations dictating the role of the Imperial German cavalry had been revised to indicate an increasing realization of the realities of modern warfare.
The massive cavalry charge in three waves which had previously marked the end of annual maneuvers was discontinued and a new emphasis was placed in training on scouting, raiding and pursuit; rather than main battle involvement.
In spite of significant experience in mounted warfare in Morocco during —14, the French cavalry remained a highly conservative institution. French cavalry of all branches were well mounted and were trained to change position and charge at full gallop.
In August all combatant armies still retained substantial numbers of cavalry and the mobile nature of the opening battles on both Eastern and Western Fronts provided a number of instances of traditional cavalry actions, though on a smaller and more scattered scale than those of previous wars.
The Imperial German cavalry, while as colourful and traditional as any in peacetime appearance, had adopted a practice of falling back on infantry support when any substantial opposition was encountered.
A single attempt by the German army, on 12 August , to use six regiments of massed cavalry to cut off the Belgian field army from Antwerp foundered when they were driven back in disorder by rifle fire.
On the Eastern Front a more fluid form of warfare arose from flat open terrain favorable to mounted warfare.
On the outbreak of war in the bulk of the Russian cavalry was deployed at full strength in frontier garrisons and during the period that the main armies were mobilizing scouting and raiding into East Prussia and Austrian Galicia was undertaken by mounted troops trained to fight with sabre and lance in the traditional style.
For the remainder of the War on the Western Front cavalry had virtually no role to play. The British and French armies dismounted many of their cavalry regiments and used them in infantry and other roles: the Life Guards for example spent the last months of the War as a machine gun corps; and the Australian Light Horse served as light infantry during the Gallipoli campaign.
In September cavalry comprised 9. Italy entered the war in with thirty regiments of line cavalry, lancers and light horse. While employed effectively against their Austro-Hungarian counterparts during the initial offensives across the Isonzo River , the Italian mounted forces ceased to have a significant role as the front shifted into mountainous terrain.
By all cavalry machine-gun sections and two complete cavalry divisions had been dismounted and seconded to the infantry.
Some cavalry were retained as mounted troops behind the lines in anticipation of a penetration of the opposing trenches that it seemed would never come.
Tanks , introduced on the Western Front by the British in September , had the capacity to achieve such breakthroughs but did not have the reliable range to exploit them.
In their first major use at the Battle of Cambrai , the plan was for a cavalry division to follow behind the tanks, however they were not able to cross a canal because a tank had broken the only bridge.
There was a successful charge by the British 7th Dragoon Guards on the last day of the war. In the wider spaces of the Eastern Front a more fluid form of warfare continued and there was still a use for mounted troops.
Cavalry , military force mounted on horseback , formerly an important element in the armies of all major powers. During the latter part of the 19th century, largely as a result of the introduction of repeating rifles and machine guns, the cavalry lost much of its former value.
By the time of World War I , a cavalry charge against entrenched troops armed with rapid-firing small arms was suicidal. Cavalry organizations soon abandoned horses for armoured fighting vehicles and became known as mechanized cavalry or armoured cavalry.
By the s there were no horse-mounted cavalry units in either the U. The division saw extensive service in Vietnam. Add cavalry to one of your lists below, or create a new one.
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